One hardline reality of U.S. immigration law is that, once a person enters illegally, it is very hard to ever become legal. Further, if you have lived in the U.S. for more than one year without any immigration status, and you leave the country, you are barred from returning for TEN years! These are harsh penalties to give young people who did not have a choice of moving with their parents to the U.S.
Many people entered as young children or as babies without inspection by a U.S. border officer. They have been living in the U.S. for several years, and attending U.S. elementary and secondary schools. Deferred Action gives them an opportunity to continue forward with maybe getting a college degree or get a job in a field they desire.
Click to learn more about Deferred Action.